Resources

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What are these primary resources that Esa keeps talking about?

Distinguishing scholarly from non-scholarly sources:

Bibliography How-To

 

Blogs and Podcasts to Follow

Medieval York: Eulalia Hath a Blogge

Spanish Seamstress

The Italian Renaissance ReLived

Book Recommendations (period sources in bold)

Below you’ll find an incomplete “Complete Reading List,” organized by my primary research interests:

(1) Witchcraft and Occult

(2)  Physicke (Herbalism / Medieval Medicine)

(3) Prostitution and “Indecent” Women (medieval gender studies)

Note: Many books will be listed under multiple headings, where and when they overlap categories.

This list is a work in progress, so please check back for updates and additions.

Witchcraft and Occult:

The Lachunga, a Collection of Healing Spells by Oswald Cockayne

The Leechbook of Bald (ca. 950 AD)

Anglo Saxon Magic by Gordon Storms

Anglo Saxon Medicine by ML Cameron

Leechdoms, Wortcunning, and Starcraft of Early England by Oswald Cockayne (1864) *probably the no. 1 source on the topic of Leechbooks and the Magickal Medicine of the Anglo Saxons*

Sorceress or Witch: the Image of Gender in Medieval Iceland and Northern Europe by Katherine Morris

Superstition and Popular Medicine in Anglo Saxon England by DG Scragg

The discovery of Witches…1647 *About the Witch General Matthew Hopkins translated by Monague Summers*

Extraordinary Popular Delusions and the Madness of Crowds by Charles Mackay

Witchcraft and Magic in Europe: The Period of the Witch Trials by Ankarloo, Bengt, Stuart Clark, and William Monter

Cows, Pigs, Wars, and Witches: The Riddles of Culture by Marvin Harris

The Discoverie of Witchcraft by Reginald Scot

Anglo Saxon Magic and Medicine by Grattan and Singer

Northern Tradition Shaman Herbal by Raven Kadera

English Medicine in Anglo Saxon Times, Two Lectures: The Fitzpatrick Lectures of 1903 by Joseph F Payne

Leechcraft: Early English Charms, Plantlore, and Healing by Stephen Pollington

Anglo Saxon Leechcraft by Wellcome

Sorcery, Demons, and the Rise of Christianity: From Late Antiquity to the Middle Ages by Peter Brown

Witchcraft, Magic, and Culture by Owen Davis

The Rise of Magic in Early Medieval Europe by Valerie Flint

Magic in the Ancient World by Fritz Graf

Theriputica *a text on military medicine of the Anglo Saxon period*

Witchcraft and Magic in Europe: The Middle Ages by Jolly, Raudverem, Peters

The Devil, Demonology, and Witchcraft by kelley

Magic in the Middle Ages by Richard Kieckhefer

Witchcraft and Sorcery by Max Marwick

The Magician, the Witch, and the Law by Edward Peters

Encyclopedia of Witchraft and Demonology by Russel Hope Robbins

History of Witchcraft, Sorcerers, Heretics, and Pagans by Jeffery Russell

Magic of the Middle Ages by Rydberg, et al.

The History of Magic and the Occult by Kurt Seligman

Witchcraft and Magic in Europe: Ancient Greece and Rome by Bengt Ankarloo

Witchcraze: A New History of the European Witch Hunts by Anne Barstow

Encyclopedia of Heresies by Chas Clifton

The Night Battles; Witchcraft and Agrarian Cults in the 16th and 17th Centuries by Carlo Ginsbug

The Witch Hunt in Early Modern Europe by Brian Levack

God of the Witches by Margaret Murray (entertaining author but generally poor scholarchip in her books)

Witchcult in Western Europe by Margaret Murray (entertaining author but generally poor scholarchip in her books)

The Witch in History (The Witch Figure) by Ventia Newall

Witchcraft in the Middle Ages by Russell and Burton

The History of Witchcraft by Montaque Summers (approach with scrutiny- there is valuable history present, but also some iffy scholarship)

Witchcraft and Magic in Europe: Vol. 3, The Middle Ages by Ankarloo and Stuart

Witches and Witch Hunts: A Global History by Wolfgang Behringer

The Vanishing People: Fairy Lore and Legends by Katharine Mary Briggs

Witches and Neighbors by Robin Briggs

Tragenda of the Old Goddess, Spirits, Witches by Max Dahsu

Popular Magic: Cunning Folk in English History by Owen Davies

Early Modern Witches: Witchcraft cases in Contemporary Writing by Marion Gibson

The Witch Hunt in Early Modern Europe by Brian Levack

The Witchcraft Reader by Darren Oldbridge (ed.)

Magick in Medieval Manuscripts by Sophie Page  (for bibliography?)

The Witch in History by Diane Purkiss

A Medieval Popular Religion 1000-1500: A Reader by John Shinners (ed.)

Religion and the Decline of Magic: Studies in Popular Beliefs in the 16th and 17th Century England by Keith Thomas

Cunning-folk and Familiar Spirits: Shamanistic Visionary Traditions in Early Modern British Witchcraft and Magic by Emma Wilby

Narratives of Sorcery and Magic from the Most Authentic Sources by Thomas Wright

Heretics and Fortunetellers: 1524 Treatise of Grillandus

Hildegard Von Bingen’s Physica: The Complete English Translation… by Hildegard and Pricilla Troom (Hildegard was “inspired” therefore her medicine does not match that of her contemporaries, nor serves as an example of medicine of her era; likewise she may serve as an example of a divinely inspired healer, aka. witch, of her era)

Magic Gardens: A Modern Chronicle… by Rosetta Clarkson (the early 20th century proponent of herbalism; blends occult practices with herbal tradition)

Green Enchantment: The Magic Spell of Gardens by Rosetta Clarkson

Witchcraft in Europe: 400-1700: A Documentary History, Second Edition by Alan Charles Kor and Edward Peters (ed.)

Servants of Satan: The Age of the Witch Hunts by Joseph Klaits (and a really fun title to say out loud)

The Malleus Maleficarum by Heinrich Kramer and James Sprenger (The “how-to” witch hunting and torture manual, great for research on the inquisition and the Catholic Church.  The history of the manuscript is almost as interesting as its contents)

(1599-1600) Magicarum Disquisitionum (in three tomes) by del Rio

(1598) De la demonomanie des sorciers….. Author: Jean Bodin; Published in Paris; language: French | (Full Title: De la demonomanie des sorciers … Reveüe diligemment, & repurgee de plusieurs fautes qui s’estoyent glissees és precedentes impressions …)

(1588) Les Bigarrures…. Author: Estienne Tabourot, Language: French, Published in Paris (Full Title: Les bigarrvres dv Seignevr des Accords Quatriesme liure : avec les Apophthegmes du Seigneur Gaulard, augmentées)

(1544) Compendium…. attributed to author Hugh Ripelin and Albertus Magnus (Full Title: Breue totius theologicae veritatis compendium : in septem libros commode digestum, quoru[m] argumenta ex ipsa quae vniuerso operi praeponitur praefatione facilè didiceris ; Adnotata fere sunt ad marginem, loca ex sacris libris veluti eruta, et succinctae huic institutioni accommodata … accessit index omnium capitum quae … explicantur.) Printed in Paris.  Language: Latin

Satanism and Witchcraft: The Classic Study of Medieval Superstition (1862) by Jules Michelet (this piece is really more of an editorial, but I find it to be a useful resource; includes documentation of witch trials that took place in period)

Witch Beliefs and Witch Trials in the Middle Ages: Documents and Readings by P.G. Maxwell-Stuart

Physicke:

Master Book of Herbalism by Beyerl, Paul

The Lachunga, a Collection of Healing Spells by Oswald Cockayne

The Leechbook of Bald (ca. 950 AD)

Anglo Saxon Magic by Gordon Storms

Anglo Saxon Medicine by ML Cameron

Leechdoms, Wortcunning, and Starcraft of Early England by Oswald Cockayne (1864) *probably the no. 1 source on the topic of Leechbooks and the Magickal Medicine of the Anglo Saxons*

Northern Tradition Shaman Herbal by Raven Kadera

English Medicine in Anglo Saxon Times, Two Lectures: The Fitzpatrick Lectures of 1903 by Joseph F Payne

Leechcraft: Early English Charms, Plantlore, and Healing by Stephen Pollington

Today’s Herbal Health by Louise Tenney

Anglo Saxon Leechcraft by Wellcome

The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Herbal Remedies by Frankie Avalon Wolfe

Theriputica (*a text on military medicine of the Anglo Saxon period*)

The Artiface of Beauty by Sally Pointer

The Tortula: A Medieval Compendium of Women’s Medicine by Monica Hellen Green (Best woman writing on this subject; 11th century women’s physician of Celerno, includes a section on cosmetics)

Hildegard Von Bingen’s Physica: The Complete English Translation… by Hildegard and Pricilla Troom (Hildegard was “inspired” therefore her medicine does not match that of her contemporaries, nor serves as an example of medicine of her era)

The English Housewife… by Gervase Markham (published in 1615)

Joyful Newes Out of the New-Found Worlde by Nicholas Monardes (period source for new world herbalism, specific to Florida)

Platina’s on Right Pleasure and Good Health: A Critical Abridgement and Translation of De Honesta Voluptate Et Valetudine by Platine and Mary Ellen Milham (period cooking)

Delight for Ladies… (1627) by Platt and Violet (Illustrations from the 1609 edition; includes cosmetics, syrups, and other good recipes)

The Four Seasons of the House of Cerruti by Judith ibn Butlan, Spencer (facsimile edition and translation of the 14th century Latin manuscript known as the Tacuinum Sanitatis in Medicina or the Tables of Health in Accordance with Medical Science, and based on the wisdom of the medieval alchemists and attributed specifically to the teachings of Ellbochasm de Baldach, an 11th century sage who was inspired by Hippocrates and Ephedocles).

Thomas Tusser: 1527 Floruit, His Good Points of Husbandry by Thomas Tusser and Hartley Dorothy

Hortulus (Hunt Series) by Strabo (b. 808, likely written ca. 838-900) by Walahfrid and Blunt

Brother Cadfael’s Herb Garden: An Illustrated Companion to Medieval Plants and Their Uses by Whiteman, Talbot, and Peters

Holistic Healing (Hildegard of Bingen) translated by Patrick Madigan and Manfred Pawlik

Magic Gardens: A Modern Chronicle… by Rosetta Clarkson (the early 20th century proponent of herbalism)

Green Enchantment: The Magic Spell of Gardens by Rosetta Clarkson

The Medieval Health Handbook Tacuinum Sanitatis by Luisa Cogliati Arano

Culpeper’s Complete Herbal and English Physician by Nicholas Culpeper

Rams Little Dodeon: A Briefe Epitome of the New Herbal History of Plants by Rembrandt Dodeon and Henry Lyte (available via Early English Books online, and some state university library systems)

Herbs for the Mediaeval Household, for Cooking, Healing, and Divers Use by Margaret Beam Freeman and the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York

The Herbal: or, General Use of Plants (the original) by John Gerard

Gerard’s Herbal: The History of Plants (abridged)

The Newe Iewell of Health, Henrie Denham, London, 1576; the English Experience no. 381 by Conrad Gesner

Healing and Society in Medieval England: A Middle English Translation of the Pharmaceutical Writings of Gilbertus Anglicus by Faye Marie Getz

Irish Cures, Mystic Charms, and Superstitions by Lady Wilde (Oscar Wilde’s mother, written in 19th century, but includes traditions that go back many generations and hundreds of years)

Medieval Medical Miniatures by Peter Murray Jones

De Materia Medica, Dioscorides

Translations and modern publications of Dioscorides “De Materia Medica” ; the 5 volume Greek Herbal

  • De Materia Medica: Being an Herbal with many other medicinal materials, translated by Tess Anne Osbaldeston (2000). Ibidis Press: Johannesburg.
  • De Materia Medica, translated by Lily Y. Beck (2005). Hildesheim: Olms-Weidman.
  • The Greek Herbal of Dioscorides … Englished by John Goodyer A. D. 1655, edited by R.T. Gunter (1933).
  • De Materia medica : libri V Eiusdem de Venenis Libri duo. Interprete Iano Antonio Saraceno Lugdunaeo, Medico, translated by Janus Antonius Saracenus (1598).
  • Forbes, Andrew ; Henley, Daniel; Henley, David (2013). ‘Pedanius Dioscorides’ in: Health and Well Being: A Medieval Guide.

Manual de Mugeres en el qual se contienen muchas y diversas reçeutas muy buenas Manual of Women in which is contained many and diverse very good recipes

Prostitution and Indecent Women:

Trans. Henry Thomas Riley, Liber Albus: The White Book of the City of London, (John Russel Smith 1862)

Trans. & ed. P.J.P Goldberg, Women in England 1275-1525, (Manchester University Press, 1995)

P.J.P. Goldberg, Women, Work and Life Cycle in a Medieval Economy, (Clarendon Press, 1992)

Henrietta Leyser, Medieval Women: A Social History of Women in England 450-1500, (Pheonix, 2002)

James A. Brundage, Law, Sex and Christian Society in Medieval Europe, (University of Chicago Press, 1987)

Edith Ennen, The Medieval Woman, (Basil Blackwell Ltd, 1989)

James A. Brundage, ‘Sex and Canon Law’ in Handbook of Medieval Sexuality ed. Vern L. Bullough and James A. Brundage (Garland Publishing, 1996) pp 33-51

Barbara A. Hanawalt, ‘The Female Felon in Fourteenth Century’ in Women in Medieval Society, ed. Susan Stuard (The University of Pennsylvania Press, 1976) pp 125-141

Ann J. Kettle, ‘Ruined Maids: Prostitutes and Serving Girls in Later Medieval England’ in Matrons and Marginal Women in Medieval Society ed. Robert R. Edwards and Vickie Ziegler (The Boydell Press, 1995) pp 19-33

P.J.P Goldberg, ‘Women’s Work, Women’s Role in the Later Medieval North,’ in Profit, Piety and the Professions in Later Medieval England ed. Michael Hicks (Alan Sutton Publishing, 1990) pp 34-51

Jane Tibbetts Schulenberg, ‘Saints’ Lives as a Source for the History of Women 500-1100’ in Medieval Women and the Sources of Medieval History ed. Joel T. Rosenthal (The University of Georgia Press, 1990) pp 285-321

Ruth Mazo Karras. Common Women: Prostitution and Sexuality in Medieval England, Oxford University PRess, (1998)

Ruth Mazo Karras, ‘Prostitution in Medieval Europe’ in Handbook of Medieval Sexuality ed. Vern L. Bullough and James A. Brundage (Garland Publishing, 1996) pp 243-261

Ruth Mazo Karras. The Regulation of Brothels in Later Medieval England, Signs, Vol. 14, No. 2, Working Together in the Middle Ages: Perspectives on Women’s Communities (Winter, 1989) pp. 399-433

Piponnier, Francoise and Perrine Mane. Dress in the Middle Ages. (Yale University Press, 2000)

Encyclopedia of Prostitution and Sex Work. ed. Melissa Hope Ditmore. (Greenwood Publishing Group, 2006)

Drunken, Foolish, or Witless Women” : Proper and Improper Dress for Ladies in the 14th Century, a class by Baroness Katheryn Fontayne, OM

Sexual Deviancy and Deviant Sexuality in Medieval England, by Isaac Bershady

Barker, Felix, and Peter Jackson. London, 2000 Years of a City and its People. New York: Macmillan, 1974.
Beattie, Cordelia. “Gender and Femininity in Medieval England.” Writing Medieval History (2005): 153-70.
Clark, Robert and Claire Sponsler. “Queer Play: The Cultural Work of Crossdressing in Medieval Drama.” New Literary History 28, no. 2 (1997): 319-344.
Dinshaw, Carolyn. “Queer Relations.” Essays in Medieval Studies 16 (1999): 79-98.
Elliott, Dyan. “Sexual Scandal and the Clergy; a Medieval Blueprint for Disaster.” Why the Middle Ages Matter; Medieval Light on Modern Injustice (2012): 90-105.
Foucault, Michel. History of Sexuality; An Introduction, Volume 1. New York: Vintage Books, 1990.
Hanawalt, Barbara. “Rituals of Inclusion and Exclusion: Hierarchy and Marginalization in Medieval London.”  In Of Good and Ill Repute: Gender and Social Control in Medieval England, ed. by Barbara Hanawalt, 18-34. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998.
Hornbeck II, J. Patrick. “Theologies of Sexuality in English ‘Lollardy.’” The Journal of Ecclesiastical History 60, no. 1 (2009): 19-44.
Howell, Martha C. Commerce Before Capitalism in Europe, 1300-1600. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010.
Karras, Ruth M. and David Lorenzo Boyd. “‘Ut Cum Muliere’; A Male Transvestite Prostitute in Fourteenth-Century London.” Premodern Sexualities (1996): 101-116.
Poos, L. R. “Sex, Lies, and the Church Courts of Pre-Reformation England.” The Journal of Interdisciplinary History 25, no. 4 (1995): 585-607.
Ruggiero, Guido. “Sodom and Venice.” In The Boundaries of Eros: Sex, Crime, and Sexuality in Renaissance Venice, 109-145. New York: Oxford University Press, 1985.
Scott, Joan. “Gender: A Useful Category of Historical Analysis.” The American Historical Review 91, no. 5 (December 1986): 1053-1075.

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